G20 leaders agreed during an online summit to work together to avert a humanitarian catastrophe in Afghanistan.
The European Union promised a billion-euro bailout package while Italy, as host of the summit, stressed the need for the international community to maintain contact with the Taliban.
Participants in the online summit that took place on Tuesday (October 12th) were also US President Joe Biden, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Indian President Narendra Modi.
Ever since the Taliban took control of the country in August, following a 20-year US-led military presence, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi has been pushing for the country’s crisis resolution debate to go beyond the usual ally group. western.
“We now have an awareness of this emergency and the great responsibilities that the G20 has to the Afghan people,” he told a news conference after a summit of the world’s most developed nations.
“Watching 40 million people plunge into chaos cannot and should not be the goal of the international community,” outgoing German Chancellor Angela Merkel told reporters.
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin did not attend the summit, but sent representatives.
The EU stressed that its money would go to international organizations working in the field and not to the interim Taliban government, which has not been recognized by the international community.
However, the Italian prime minister said that “it is very difficult to help the Afghan people, without any involvement of the Taliban government.”
According to a statement released by Draghi’s office, G20 leaders stressed the importance of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, especially the rights of women and minorities, by the Taliban government.
They also addressed security issues and the threat posed by the Islamic State of Khorasan (IS-K), which has launched a series of deadly attacks in Afghanistan.
“Afghanistan must not be a safe haven for terrorists and a threat to international security,” the statement said.
The White House said in a statement that the leaders “discussed the need to maintain our sustained efforts against terrorism, including against threats from ISIS-K.”
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