The long-awaited COP26 climate change summit kicks off on Sunday in the Scottish city of Glasgow.
Delegates from around 200 countries will be there to announce how they will reduce emissions by 2030 and help the planet.
The first day you will see a report on the state of the climate issued by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). With global warming due to man-made fossil fuel emissions, scientists warn that urgent action is needed to avert a climate catastrophe.
The WMO interim report by climate scientists will compare global temperatures this year so far with previous years. Extreme weather events related to climate change – including heat waves, floods and forest fires – are intensifying. The past decade has been the warmest on record and governments agree that urgent collective action is needed.
The United Nations Summit is one of the largest summits the UK has ever hosted and has been postponed for a year due to the pandemic. COP means ‘conference of the parties’ and is the 26th such conference. Most executives will arrive late Sunday evening.
Many are traveling from another summit, the G20, to Rome. Sunday is mostly a ceremonial opening day, with various speeches by people including Abdullah Shahid, the president of the UN General Assembly and the Foreign Minister of the Maldives.
The lower islands of the Maldives are threatened by climate change due to rising sea levels. Countries from every region of the world will have representatives in Glasgow, ready to discuss their plans to reduce emissions by 2030.
Everyone agreed in 2015 to make changes to keep global warming “well below 2C” above pre-industrial levels, but since then, as extreme weather events have intensified, climate scientists have urged nations to aim for 1.5 C to limit the risk of environmental disasters.
At the G20 in Rome, a draft communiqué stated that leaders would pledge to take urgent steps to achieve these goals. But already a key promise to provide $ 100 billion a year in climate financing for developing countries has been postponed until 2023.
‘Moments and se vertetes’
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said COP26 would be “the moment of truth in the world” and urged leaders to make the most of the bi-weekly conference. “The question everyone is asking is whether we capture this moment or let it go,” he said on Saturday.
The UK has set a target for all of the country’s electricity to come from clean sources by 2035 and reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050. But some experts have said this is not the case. achievable with current government policies.
Scotland Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon met with Native Americans from Glasgow on Saturday and said the Scottish Government would “do all it can” to help the poorest nations and communities most vulnerable to the effects. of climate change.
The heads of state will be joined by some of the world’s leading climate activists, including Sir David Attenborough and Greta Thunberg – who was attacked when she arrived on a ‘climate train’ on Saturday evening.
The specially chartered train, which arrived from Amsterdam, was carrying about 500 passengers, including delegates from the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Germany, as well as 150 young activists and members of the European Parliament. Many participants and activists are taking the train to Glasgow as it is a more sustainable way to travel than flying.BBC
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