At the World Climate Conference taking place in Glasgow on Monday, the focus is on the meeting of heads of state and government from around the world. The signals before the consultation have not been very promising.
“The time is one minute before midnight and we must act now,” said the host country’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson, according to excerpts from his speech before the World Climate Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, UK. Mankind has long played with time in terms of climate. On the list of those who will take the floor in Glasgow along with the British Prime Minister, is also the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, the American President, Joe Biden, the French, Emmanuel Macron and EU leaders. For Germany, Chancellor Merkel will make a video statement at the conference. Missing from this conference are two presidents of two countries that are major emitters of carbon dioxide, the Chinese president, Xi Jinping and the Russian one, Vladimir Putin. It is highly anticipated on Monday that if Indian President Narendra Modi announces ambitious climate targets for his country, it could increase pressure on China.
Not a strong signal from Rome
Last weekend at the meeting of the 20 most industrialized countries in Rome, countries responsible for much of the harmful climate emissions, only a minimal consensus was reached: The promise to limit global warming to as much as possible by 1.5 degrees was indeed reinforced. compared to the pre-industrial period, but no specific date was given for this.
Even in terms of non-emission of CO2, there was no agreement between the G20 countries. According to the summit statement, this goal must be achieved “by the middle or end of the century”. At the summit there was much opposition from developing countries and countries with high energy production from fossil fuels.
Climate activists criticized the summit results as insufficient. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was also unhappy. “I am leaving Rome with unfulfilled hopes, but at least they have not been buried,” Guterres wrote on Twitter. The British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said that “if Glasgow fails, it all fails.”
Germany wants to be a builder
The incumbent German Minister for the Environment, Svenja Schulze, sees Germany at the World Climate Conference as a builder. “We have the expertise, experience, and experience base that can make progress at such conferences,” Schulze told the German newspaper Rheinische Post. Germany can help other countries in the fight against climate change financially and with its experience. Schulze emphasizes that Germany in this conference goes with a very strong and legally binding objective in this conference. “We want to be climate neutral in 2045, five years earlier than the EU.”
At the opening of the COP26 conference in Glasgow, the UN climate commissioner, Patricia Espinoza, said on Sunday that “if it continues like this”, in terms of carbon dioxide emissions, it means “investing in extinguishing our ”. The head of the British presidency of COP26, Alok Sharma said that the window for achieving the target of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees is closing. “This international conference must offer solutions.”
Halving of emissions
According to experts, the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees can only be achieved if global CO2 emissions are halved by the end of this decade, and the world by 2050 at the latest is climate neutral. According to the latest data from the United Nations, the Earth is heading towards a global warming of 2.7 degrees in this century./DW/
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